Cayo Canela Vieira joined the Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station as a soybean breeder in January. He’ll educate plant breeding via the Dale Bumpers Faculty of Agriculture, Meals, and Life Sciences at U of A.
Soybean breeder Cayo Canela Vieira builds a bridge from the previous to the long run at an agricultural experiment station in Arkansas.
Vieira plans to make use of superior genetic instruments to speed up the event of recent species with enhancements resembling yield potential, adaptability in vast environments and total resilience to biotic and abiotic stresses.
In January, he joined the Experimental Station and now occupies the workplace utilized by his former mentor and advisor, the late Pengyin Chen. As an assistant professor within the Division of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences, Vieira will even educate plant breeding via the Dale Bumpers Faculty of Agricultural, Meals, and Life Sciences at U of A.
“Arkansas has an incredible legacy of cultivar growth and has a very fashionable program,” mentioned Vieira. “We now have a possibility to take this conventional program in a program that may be very data-driven to maximise the genetic features. In the event you can shorten the time to determine superior strains, you possibly can probably enhance the genetic features within the reproductive cycle.”
He mentioned the time it takes to develop a brand new cultivar, seven to eight years, might be reduce in half with trendy “predictive breeding” strategies utilizing genome-wide molecular markers and superior statistics. Plant genetic data is collected early within the reproductive cycle after which used to foretell a trait of curiosity earlier than it will get to subject trials.
“The genetic base of recent soy may be very slim,” Vieira mentioned. “Now we have a couple of genetically numerous accessions that type the idea of genetics in america, however we now have greater than 20,000 that may type the genetic foundation.”
In plant breeding, a genetically numerous pressure is plant materials collected at one time from a particular location around the globe. A set of genetically numerous accessions makes an attempt to seize the genetic range accessible to a given species for additional use in genetic and reproductive research.
“There may be numerous genetic range misplaced throughout domestication and intensive breeding. I hope we will discover and re-breed economically essential traits that had been misplaced throughout domestication,” Vieira mentioned.
To realize this, Vieira combines instinct with information analytics. He collaborates with consultants in different areas of plant science resembling physiology and pathology, together with statisticians and quantitative geneticists. Collaboration is an integral part of his work.
“There’s solely a lot you are able to do by yourself, particularly with breeding the place you want numerous information, which frequently has nice interactions with the surroundings. The extra collaboration you get, the higher your tasks will probably be,” mentioned Vieira.
“Dr. Vieira brings expertise, imaginative and prescient, and vitality to soybean farming, and I’m assured he’ll take our program to new heights,” mentioned Jeff Edwards, chair of Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences. “Soybean breeding is one among our largest analysis applications, and we’re lucky to draw somebody with Dr. Vieira’s potential to our subsequent technology of scientific management and innovation.”
Edwards mentioned Vieira is “a terrific communicator and a terrific listener” who is raring to work together with Arkansas soybean producers and study their wants.
“I do not assume there may be any doubt that his program will present genetics that mirror the wants of Arkansas farms,” Edwards added.
Soybeans are Arkansas’ prime money crop, valued at greater than $1.9 billion and grown on greater than 3 million acres within the state, in keeping with 2022 Arkansas Agriculture Profile. Vieira has already labored on tasks that deal with lots of the issues Arkansas soybean farmers face, from illness and pest resistance to broad environmental adaptation and fundamental economics to bettering yield and oil content material. He was additionally concerned in a research with Chen to determine soybean cultivars which might be tolerant of non-target dicamba herbicides.
Whereas enhancements in yield potential and diversifications to environments information soybean plant breeding objectives, Vieira mentioned there are additionally alternatives to enhance client traits in edamame and natto soybean varieties by working with native farmers and scientists from different departments.
Vieira got here to america in 2014 after finishing his first two years of undergraduate research on the College of São Paulo, Brazil, below the tutelage of Paledin Pinheiro. He taught for a 12 months on the College of Minnesota and was a visiting scholar at Purdue College below Katie Rennie earlier than incomes his grasp’s and doctoral levels in plant breeding, genetics, and genomics from the College of Missouri-Columbia, with Chen and Henry Nguyen as his advisors. Vieira was awarded a Monsanto Graduate Pupil Scholarship in 2018, was named a Nationwide Plant Breeders Affiliation Borlaug Scholar in 2019 and was awarded a Corteva DELTA Scholarship in 2021.
To study extra in regards to the Division of Agricultural Analysis, go to the Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station web site: aaes.uada.edu. Comply with us on Twitter at @ArkAgResearch. To study extra in regards to the Division of Agriculture, go to uada.edu. Comply with us on Twitter at @AgInArk. To search out out about extension applications in Arkansas, contact your native Cooperative Extension Service agent or go to www.uaex.uada.edu.
Concerning the Agriculture Division: The mission of the College of Arkansas Division of Agriculture is to strengthen agriculture, communities, and households by connecting authoritative analysis with the adoption of finest practices. Via the Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, the Division of Agriculture conducts analysis and extension work inside the nation’s historic land grant training system. The Division of Agriculture is one among 20 entities inside the College of Arkansas system. It has places of work in all 75 counties in Arkansas and college throughout 5 campuses. The Division of Agriculture on the College of Arkansas provides all extension and analysis applications, providers, and analysis with out regard to race, shade, intercourse, gender id, sexual orientation, nationwide origin, faith, age, incapacity, marital or veteran standing, genetic data, or different legally protected standing, which is Affirmative Motion / Equal Alternative Employer.