Concussions in school may affect academic performance


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A study published online in the journal suggests that teens who have suffered a concussion in the past 12 months may be 25% more likely to be in poor academic standing compared to young adults who do not have concussions. Injury prevention.

Concussion is temporary brain injury Caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head, or a blow to the body, which causes the brain to quickly move back and forth. Common signs of a concussion include loss of consciousness, dizziness, a glassy look in the eye, headache, memory loss, vomiting, memory problems, and loss of concentration.

In the United States, approximately two million concussions occur each year, which can lead to lasting physical, cognitive, and emotional changes, but there is a lack of clear, standardized guidance across the country on how to reintegrate students with concussions into academic work.

There is also a lack of evidence about the effect of concussion on adolescents academic performance.

Therefore, a team of researchers from the University of Washington in Seattle set out to investigate whether or not there was an association between concussion history and academic standing among high school students.

They analyzed data on 10,756 teens from the 2019 Youth Risk Behavior Survey – a biannual survey that monitors health risks among students across the United States.

Of the more than 10,000 high school students analyzed, 14.9% reported having experienced at least one sports- and activity-related concussion in the past 12 months.

Most adolescents who did not report a concussion were female (50.9%), while most of those who reported one or more concussions were male (53.1% and 63.5%, respectively).

Students who self-identified as black or African American represented a higher proportion of students with two or more concussions (15.6%) than students with zero or one concussion (10.6% and 9.4%, respectively).

Overall, the vast majority of adolescents (78.8%) are reported to be in good academic standing.

The researchers calculated that having at least one concussion in the past 12 months was associated with a 25% higher risk of poor academic standing, and this association was stronger with a history of recurrent concussions.

The association differed by race/ethnicity, but the authors said that future studies are needed to examine the interaction of race/ethnicity on the association.

The authors acknowledge that their study had some limitations in that it did not allow them to assess change in academic posture before and after reported concussions; Self-reports from students about their concussions and their outcomes were not verified; The study did not include social and economic variables such as family income and place of residence.

However, the authors concluded that “a history of concussion was significantly associated with poor academic status and that exposure to multiple concussions could be particularly detrimental to student outcomes.”

Injury prevention efforts in schools, including the promotion of helmet use, The school Screening for concussions and adhering to back-to-play and back-to-learning guidelines, to reduce multiple concussions in sports, especially for the most affected racial and ethnic groups, may be beneficial for students with concussion. ”

School sports restarted: Know the signs of a concussion

more information:
The association of concussion with academic standing in high school: gender, grade and ethnicity as classes. Injury prevention (2022). DOI: 10.1136 / ip-2022-044568

Introduction of
British Medical Journal

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